Altamira cave dating

Posted by / 19-Aug-2019 13:25

Both periods belong to the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.In the millennia between these two occupations, the cave was evidently inhabited only by wild animals.Human occupants of the site were well-positioned to take advantage of the rich wildlife that grazed in the valleys of the surrounding mountains as well as the marine life available in nearby coastal areas.Around 13,000 years ago a rockfall sealed the cave's entrance, preserving its contents until its eventual discovery, which occurred after a nearby tree fell and disturbed the fallen rocks.There is no scientific agreement on the dating of the archeological artifacts found in the cave, nor the drawings and paintings, and scientists continue to evaluate the age of the cave art at Altamira.

Numerous other caves in northern Spain contain Paleolithic art, but none is as complex or well-populated as Altamira.Human occupation was limited to the cave mouth, although paintings were created throughout the length of the cave.The artists used charcoal and ochre or haematite to create the images, often diluting these pigments to produce variations in intensity and creating an impression of chiaroscuro.It is located near the town of Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, Spain, 30 and consists of a series of twisting passages and chambers.The main passage varies from two to six meters in height.

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The cave was formed through collapses following early Karst phenomena in the calcareous rock of Mount Vispieres.